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Arthritis


Arthritis

As we grow, problem in joints problems are increases. Today’s life is very fast, we all are running for our bread and butter. Day starts from 6 AM and end around 11 PM and around the day our body is also running. We all are so busy now that we are not giving time to our-self and for our body and the result is joints pain. In few years back, the old age people was mostly suffering with joints pain but today almost every one of every age group is suffering from this problem.  Our kids going to school and coming with legs pain which is common so think about their future.

Let’s talk about the joints pain which we commonly known as Arthritis. Arthritis is a worldwide problem which occurs due to our bad routine and our food habits. Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints that can affect our joints. There are around 200 conditions that affect joints. People of all ages, sexes and races can and do have arthritis, and it is the leading cause of disability all over the world. It is most common among women and occurs more frequently as people get older.

What are the symptoms of arthritis?

Symptoms of arthritis are swelling, pain, stiffness and decreased range of motion. You may experience redness of the skin around the joint. The pain can be mild, moderate or severe.

The symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, but they may also appear suddenly. Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults. Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight.

Cause of Arthritis

There are two types of Arthritis; Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis. Cartilage is a firm but flexible connective tissue in your joints. It protects the joints by absorbing the pressure and shock created when you move and put stress on them. When the cartilage tissue breakdown for any reason, your bone rubs against bone that causing pain, swelling and stiffness. Over a time of period, your joints can lose strength and pain may become severe.  

Another common form of arthritis is Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder. A healthy immune system is protective. It generates internal inflammation to get rid of infection and prevent disease. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) occurs when your body’s immune system attacks the tissues of the body. These attacks affect the synovium which is a soft tissue in your joints that produces a fluid that nourishes the cartilage and lubricates the joints. When synovium get affected, it will destroy the joints. It can eventually lead to the destruction of both bone and cartilage inside the joint.

Researchers believe that a combination of genetics and environmental factors can trigger autoimmunity. Smoking is an example of an environmental risk factor that can trigger Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) in people with certain genes.

Treatment

If you realize that your joints are paining or swelling, it is good to start some treatment as early as possible and do some pre-caution also. The first aim of treatment is to control pain and to control joints damages. You need to change your routine also and you need to learn what works is best for you in terms of controlling pains. A range of medications and lifestyle strategies can help achieve this and protect joints from further damage.

Some people find heating pads and ice packs to be soothing. Others use mobility assistance devices, like canes or walkers, to help take pressure off sore joints. Improving your joint function is also important. Your doctor may prescribe you a combination of treatment methods to achieve the best results.

What lifestyle changes can help people with arthritis?

If you have excess body weight, the first and foremost action of you is to be weight loss. If you reduced your weight, almost half battle done. Eating a healthy diet is important for weight loss. Regular exercise will keep your joints flexible. Swimming is the best exercise for people with arthritis because it doesn’t put pressure on your joints the way running and walking do. Staying active is important, but you should also be sure to rest when you need to and avoid overexerting yourself. Some research also suggests that gluten antibodies may be present in people with RA. A gluten-free diet may improve symptoms and disease progression.

Here are some home based exercises for Arthritis people.

  • The head tilt, neck rotation, and other exercises to relieve pain in your neck
  • Finger bends and thumb bends to ease pain in your hands
  • Leg raises, hamstring stretches, and other easy exercises for knee arthritis

These are basic and light exercise which you can do anytime. It relieves some pain and your joints will be flexible.

Diet

If you are over-weight then you need to take extra care of yourself. I would suggest to take advice from dietician also for better diet so that you can reduce your weight and your pain will also be minimize because eating a healthy diet is important for weight loss. Although there is no specific diet that treats arthritis, but some types of food may help reduce inflammation. Anti-oxidant foods are very helpful in Arthritis.

  • Fish
  • Nuts and Seeds
  • Fruits and Vegetables
  • Beans
  • Olive oil
  • Whole grains

You need to avoid fried foods, processed foods, dairy products, and high intakes of meat. It may give you problem.

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